Vietnamese Alphabet Chart

One of my goals this year is to learn how to read Vietnamese. I’m able to understand and speak the basics, but a block of Vietnamese text could very well be hieroglyphs to me. It’s strange this is the case, but I guess reading wasn’t “essential” in being able to communicate with my parents at a young age.

Like most other languages, learning the alphabet is one of the first steps to reading so this is where I’ll start. Here’s a Vietnamese alphabet list I found online to study:

VowelsPronunciation Example
a'ah' as in father
â'uh' as in sofa
ă'a' as in hat
e'e' as in get
ê'eh' as in prey
i'i' as in machine (north), 'i' as in bit (south)
o'aw' as in hot or saw
ô'oa' as in boat
ơ'uh' as in fur or mug
u'oo' as in boot
ư'ue' as in hurry
y'ee' as in bee

ConsonantsPronunciation Example
b'b' as in big
c'c' as in cat
ch'ch' as in church
d'z' as in zoo (north), 'y' as in yes (south)
đ'd' as in done
g'g' as in good
gh'g' as in good
gi'z' as in zoo (north), 'y' as in yes (south)
h'h' as in house
k'c' as in cat
kh'ch' as in the German Bach
l'l' as in life
m'm' as in man
n'n' as in nice
ng'ng' as in singer
ngh'ng' as in singer
nh'ny' as in canyon
p'p' as in stop
ph'f' as in find
qu'qu' as in queue
r'z' as in zoo (north), 'r' as in ring (south)
s's' as in sore (north), 's' as in sure (south)
t't' as in stop
th't' as in top
tr'ch' as in church (north), 'tr' as in tree (south)
v'v' as in van (north), 'y' as in yes (south)
x's' as in sore

* Grayed out items are equivalent to english